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Light Switch using LDR Without transmormer

Automatic Night Light using LDR

LDR circuit diagram

LDR darkness sensor circuit

This is an Automatic Night Light circuit Without Transformer operated by Light Using Light Sensor LDR (Light-dependent resistor). This Transformerless Automatic Light operated Night Light circuit is very simple and easy. At DayThe Bulb is an automatic switch off and At night Automatic Switch ON Automatic Night Bulb Switch.

IN this circuit No transformer used so it makes this very portable and small. Use 9-12v Relay to connect the Bulb. Capacitor C1 must be 400v Rated. You can use one Rectifier ic MIC DB107 at the place of 4 IN4007 Diode. DB107 is a Small Package of 4 Rectifier diodes in a single IC. Resistor R1 should be of 1/2w. 

Working

The working of this Automatic Night Light Bulb Switch Without transformer is simple. When Light Fall on LDR in day then the resistance of Both LDR is Low and When the resistance is very than the all voltage through passes the R2 Dropped with Negative supply and No sufficient voltage goes at the Base terminal of the transistor. When no voltage goes on Base then transistor Remains turn OFF and Relay Not Activated and the bulb is switched off. 

At Nighttime when No Light Fall on LDR then Resistance of LDR is Very High. At Resistance is high then very Less amount of voltage passes through LDR and dropped with negative. And Maximum amount of voltage comes on the Base of a transistor and it turns ON. When transistor Turn on then the Relay Get Active and Bulb is switched ON.

So this works Automatically as Night Bulb Switch system. It can be used as Street Light Switching or any other purpose where needs to Switch ON and OFF the AC Bulb Automatically.

automatic street light circuit diagram

Light Switch using LDR Without transmormer

capacitor 105J400v 105j 400v

Please CareFul With High Voltage AC –  Use Relay With carefully

Components-

Capacitor

105j/400v-1

470uf 63v-1

Diode

IN4007-5

Zener Diode 11v 0.5w-1

LDR-2

Resistor – 33K- 1

Transistor

BC547-1

Relay-12v

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About the Author

Admin

Hi, My name is Aman Bharti, I am interested in making and study of Electronics, circuit diagram, PCB designing and layout etc. I like to share the knowledge and all ideas with people which I get from My Experiment & from different sources. I try to provide any circuit details deeply with test results as possible. If you want to give a suggestion or comments on anything, please leave your comment in the comment box of the related page.

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